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|Radio emission from AGN detected by the VLA FIRST survey|
Using the most recent (April 2003) version of the VLA FIRST survey radiocatalog, we have searched for radio emission from >2800 AGN takenfrom the most recent (2001) version of the Veron-Cetty and Veron AGNcatalog. These AGN lie in the 9033 square degrees of sky alreadycovered by the VLA FIRST survey. Our work has resulted in positivedetection of radio emission from 775 AGN of which 214 are new detectionsat radio wavelengths.Tables 3 and 4 are only available in electronic form at the CDS viaanonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (184.108.40.206) or viahttp://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?J/A+A/416/35
|Numerous Old Starburst Galaxies in the Local Universe|
Old starburst galaxies are deficient in O stars and hence do not exhibitstrong line emission in the optical regime. However, there remain many Bstars, which are expected to heat dust grains and generate strongcontinuum emission in the far-infrared. The IRAS data for astatistically complete sample of nearby galaxies reveal for the firsttime that such objects are as numerous as 30%-40% of the local galaxypopulation.
|On the local radio luminosity function of galaxies. I. The Virgo cluster|
We cross-correlate the galaxies brighter than m_B=18 in the Virgocluster with the radio sources in the NVSS survey (1.4 GHz), resultingin 180 radio-optical identifications. We determine the radio luminosityfunction of the Virgo galaxies, separately for the early- andlate-types. Late-type galaxies develop radio sources with a probabilityproportional to their optical luminosity. In fact their radio/optical(R_B) distribution is gaussian, centered at log R_B ~ -0.5, i.e. theradio luminosity is ~ 0.3 of the optical one. The probability oflate-type galaxies to develop radio sources is almost independent oftheir detailed Hubble type, except for Sa (and S0+S0a) which are afactor of ~ 5 less frequent than later types at any R_B. Giantelliptical galaxies feed ``monster" radio sources with a probabilitystrongly increasing with mass. However the frequency of fainter radiosources is progressively less sensitive on the system mass. The faintestgiant E galaxies (M_B=-17) have a probability of feeding low power radiosources similar to that of dwarf E galaxies as faint as M_B=-13. Table~1is only available in electronic form at the CDS via anonymous ftp tocdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (220.127.116.11) or viahttp://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/Abstract.html
|A Minnesota Automated Plate Scanner Catalog of Galaxies behind the Virgo Cluster and toward Its Antipode|
We present a catalog of 1268 galaxies, essentially complete to B <=17.0, found by scanning glass copies of several fields of the originalPalomar Sky Survey using the Minnesota Automated Plate Scanner in itsisodensitometric mode (as opposed to the threshold densitometric modeused in the APS Catalog of the POSS I). In addition to the differentscanning mode, we have employed a different star-galaxy separationmethod and have visually inspected POSS prints to verify that each imageremaining in the catalog is nonstellar. The scanned fields aredistributed generally in two areas, one around the outskirts of theVirgo Cluster, the other toward the antipode of the cluster (but stillin the northern celestial hemisphere). The catalog gives the position ofthe center of each galaxy; estimates of the blue and red magnitudeswithin the outermost threshold crossing and of the blue magnitudeextrapolated to zero surface brightness; and the blue and red diametersof four ellipses fitted to the four threshold crossings (approximately23.8,23.6,23.2, and 22.7 mag arcsec 2 in blue, and 22.5,22.4,21.5, and21.2 mag arcsec^-2^ in red), and the ellipticities of those fourellipses. The catalog has served as a base from which to draw targetsfor a Tully-Fisher study of the Virgocentric infall velocity of theLocal Group.
|The Einstein Two-Sigma Catalog: Silver Needles in the X-Ray Haystack|
To facilitate the study of X-ray sources fainter than those contained inthe Einstein Medium-Sensitivity Survey (EMSS), we have constructed a newcatalog of sources and fluctuations exceeding 2 σ significance in2520 high-latitude Einstein IPCC images. We have employed various teststo validate our source-search algorithm for both high- and low-significance sources, and to identify and remove the small number ofspurious sources induced by our detection procedure. Based on the knownvignetting and background characteristics of the IPC and the measured X-ray log N-log S relation, we have modeled the number of real sourcesexpected in the catalog in order to evaluate its statistical propertiesbelow 4 σ significance. Our modeling suggests that ~13,000 sourcesin the catalog are real celestial X-ray sources, an increase of ~9100over the number found in previous analyses of the same IPC images. Wefind that not only is the reliability of the Two-Sigma Catalog afunction of source significance σ, it is a function of off-axisangle on the detector as well. The application of differentsignal-to-noise thresholds at different off-axis angles thus enables oneto tune the reliability of the catalog. The chief motivation forstudying large numbers of faint X-ray sources is to search for possiblenew components of the cosmic X-ray background. To select out realcelestial X-ray sources in the Two-Sigma Catalog, we apply astronomicalcatalogs at other wavelengths as filters. For example, thecross-correlation of the Two-Sigma Catalog with catalogs from surveys ofthe radio and infrared sky has yielded large samples of faint X-raysources that are ~90% reliable. Optical spectroscopy of 77 unidentifiedfaint X-ray sources has turned up several surprises, illustrating themerits of selecting X-ray sources using a variety of methods: high-redshift quasars (one at z = 4.30), which are absent in the EMSS, X-ray-luminous (L_x_ ~ 10^43^ ergs s^-1^) radio-loud elliptical galaxies withoptical spectra devoid of emission lines, and infrared-bright activegalactic nuclei whose optical spectra are dominated by starburst galaxyfeatures. Follow-up observations are scheduled to determine whether anyof these types of objects represent a previously unrecognized componentof the X-ray background.
|Optical identifications of the IRAS faint sources in the Virgo cluster area.|
This paper presents a study on the deep optical identifications of 369IRAS faint sources in a 102 square degree area centered on the Virgocluster. We obtained the positions and magnitudes of candidates fromfour UK Schmidt Telescope IIIa-J direct plates. 89 (24%) are identifiedas stars and 276 (75%) as galaxies. There are 4 (1%) empty fields to theplate limit of B=~22. The infrared-optical database for 193 FSC-onlysources is given. Most of the IRAS galaxy sources are spirals. There are83 IRAS galaxy sources being regarded as the cluster members by Binggeliet al. (1985). In our sample, a correlation between the luminosity ratioL_IR_/L_B_ and the infrared flux ratio F(100μm)/F(60μm) isevident. For the member galaxies, a weak correlation between L_IR_/L_B_and L_IR_ is also found.
|A multifrequency radio continuum and IRAS faint source survey of markarian galaxies|
Results are presented from a multifrequency radio continumm survey ofMarkarian galaxies (MRKs) and are supplemented by IRAS infrared datafrom the Faint Source Survey. Radio data are presented for 899 MRKsobserved at nu = 4.755 GHz with the National Radio Astronomy Observatory(NRAO)-Green Bank 300 foot (91 m) telescope, including nearly 88% ofthose objects in Markarian lists VI-XIV. In addition, 1.415 GHzmeasurements of 258 MRKs, over 30% of the MRKs accessible from theNational Aeronomy and Ionosphere Center (NAIC)-Arecibo, are reported.Radio continuum observations of smaller numbers of MRKs were made at10.63 GHz and at 23.1 GHz and are also presented. Infrared data from theIRAS Faint Source Survey (Ver. 2) are presented for 944 MRKs, withreasonably secure identifications extracted from the NASA/IPACExtragalactic Database. MRKs exhibit the same canonical infraredcharacteristics as those reported for various other galaxy samples, thatis well-known enhancement of the 25 micrometer/60 micrometer color ratioamong Seyfert MRKs, and a clear tendency for MRKs with warmer 60micrometer/100 micrometer colors to also possess cooler 12 micrometer/25micrometer colors. In addition, non-Seyfert are found to obey thewell-documented infrared/radio luminosity correlation, with the tightestcorrelation seen for starburst MRKs.
|The kinematics of the Virgo cluster revisited|
The paper updates the velocity data of Virgo cluster galaxies andreconsiders the kinematic structure of the Virgo cluster. New velocitiesare given for 144 galaxies listed in the Virgo Cluster Catalog (VCC).Improved velocities are given for another 131 VCC galaxies. The Virgocluster is disentangled from its surrounding clouds of galaxies, and thelikely members of each of these clouds are listed. The velocitydistribution of dwarf elliptical cluster members is found to be highlyasymmetric. This phenomenon is interpreted as evidence for the imminentmerging of two subclusters in the core region, which points to thedynamical youth of the Virgo cluster. The mean heliocentric velocity ofthe Virgo cluster is estimated at 1050 +/- 35 km/s.
|KISO survey for ultraviolet-excess galaxies. IX|
A set of identification charts is presented for UV-excess galaxiesdetected on multicolor plates for ten survey fields. The charts are partof the Kiso UV galaxy catalog (Takase and Miyauchi-Isobe, 1988). Thisset of charts brings the total number of objects in the catalog to 583,covering a 300-sq deg sky area down to a photographic magnitude of about18. The parameters presented include morphological classifications,image sizes, and degree of UV-excess.
|Spectra of Galaxies with Ultraviolet Continuum - Part Six|
|Far-infrared luminosities of Markarian starburst galaxies. II - Individual galaxies|
IRAS observations of galaxies in the Balzano sample of opticallyselected starburst nuclei and of a comparison of Virgo spiral galaxiesare used to derive far-infrared luminosities. Distances and blue andH-alpha luminosities of the starburst galaxies are also tabulated.
|A catalog of Markarian galaxies|
A catalog of Markarian galaxies is presented which tabulates redshifts,spectral and morphological classifications, magnitudes, infrared andradio flux densities, and over 600 references to available datapublished before January 1, 1986. Redshifts are now available for 1228objects with strong ultraviolet continua, and follow-up spectroscopicand photometric observations of Markarian galaxies have providedclassifications of 115 Seyfert 1, 43 Seyfert 2, and 137 starburst and HII-type galaxies. After a description of the Markarian survey and thecurrent catalog, a summary of the general results obtained from the datais presented. A preliminary study of the infrared properties ofMarkarian galaxies as measured by IRAS reveals a number of interestingresults, including the existence of a sample of elliptical andlenticular galaxies with appreciable infrared emission.
|HI-observations of galaxies in the Virgo cluster of galaxies. I - The data|
New H I-data for a large number of bright galaxies inside the 10 degradius area of the Virgo cluster of galaxies have been obtained with the100 m radiotelescope at Effelsberg. A total of 234 galaxies was observedfor the first time. Among them, 53 have been detected providing newaccurate radial velocities. Data from the literature have been compiled.Together with the new data, they form a (nearly homogeneous) set of H Iobservations for more than 450 galaxies.
|Studies of the Virgo Cluster. II - A catalog of 2096 galaxies in the Virgo Cluster area.|
The present catalog of 2096 galaxies within an area of about 140 sq degapproximately centered on the Virgo cluster should be an essentiallycomplete listing of all certain and possible cluster members,independent of morphological type. Cluster membership is essentiallydecided by galaxy morphology; for giants and the rare class of highsurface brightness dwarfs, membership rests on velocity data. While 1277of the catalog entries are considered members of the Virgo cluster, 574are possible members and 245 appear to be background Zwicky galaxies.Major-to-minor axis ratios are given for all galaxies brighter than B(T)= 18, as well as for many fainter ones.
|Star-burst galactic nuclei|
Markarian (1967) has conducted a survey of galaxies having strongultraviolet continua. In connection with this survey, a new group ofgalaxies was discovered which could provide additional insight into thenature and evolution of active galactic nuclei. The optical morphologyof the discovered galaxies is similar to that shown by Seyfert galaxies,with dominant feature often being a bright, starlike nucleus. However,these nuclei do not usually display the broad emission-line spectra socharacteristic of the Seyferts. Their narrow emission features and otherobservable properties can be explained by the presence of a hot, youngstar population. For this reason, these objects have become known asstar-burst nuclei. The nuclear star-burst phenomenon might supplymaterial for gravitational accretion, and, therefore, for thedevelopment of active galaxies. Balzano and Weedman (1981) have studiedthese nuclei as a distinct group. The present investigation representsthe first comprehensive survey.
|Accurate optical positions for Markarian objects 701-797|
Abstract image available at:http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-bib_query?1980AJ.....85.1328F&db_key=AST
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