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|The AMIGA sample of isolated galaxies. II. Morphological refinement|
We present a refinement of the optical morphologies for galaxies in theCatalog of Isolated Galaxies that forms the basis of the AMIGA (Analysisof the interstellar Medium of Isolated GAlaxies) project. Uniformreclassification using the digitized POSS II data benefited from thehigh resolution and dynamic range of that sky survey. Comparison withindependent classifications made for an SDSS overlap sample of more than200 galaxies confirms the reliability of the early vs. late-typediscrimination and the accuracy of spiral subtypes within Δ T =1-2. CCD images taken at the Observatorio de Sierra Nevada were alsoused to solve ambiguities in early versus late-type classifications. Aconsiderable number of galaxies in the catalog (n = 193) are flagged forthe presence of nearby companions or signs of distortion likely due tointeraction. This most isolated sample of galaxies in the local Universeis dominated by two populations: 1) 82% are spirals (Sa-Sd) with thebulk being luminous systems with small bulges (63% between types Sb-Sc)and 2) a significant population of early-type E-S0 galaxies (14%). Mostof the types later than Sd are low luminosity galaxies concentrated inthe local supercluster where isolation is difficult to evaluate. Thelate-type spiral majority of the sample spans a luminosity rangeMB-corr = -18 to -22 mag. Few of the E/S0 population are moreluminous than -21.0 marking the absence of the often-sought superL* merger (e.g. fossil elliptical) population. The rarity ofhigh luminosity systems results in a fainter derived M* forthis population compared to the spiral optical luminosity function(OLF). The E-S0 population is from 0.2 to 0.6 mag fainter depending onhow the sample is defined. This marks the AMIGA sample as unique amongsamples that compare early and late-type OLFs separately. In othersamples, which always involve galaxies in higher density environments,M^*_E/S0 is almost always 0.3-0.5 mag brighter than M^*_S, presumablyreflecting a stronger correlation between M* andenvironmental density for early-type galaxies.
|Revised positions for CIG galaxies|
We present revised positions for the 1051 galaxies belonging to theKarachentseva Catalog of Isolated Galaxies (CIG). New positions werecalculated by applying SExtractor to the Digitized Sky Survey CIG fieldswith a spatial resolution of 1 arcsper 2. We visually checked theresults and for 118 galaxies had to recompute the assigned positions dueto complex morphologies (e.g. distorted isophotes, undefined nuclei,knotty galaxies) or the presence of bright stars. We found differencesbetween older and newer positions of up to 38 arcsec with a mean valueof 2 arcsper 96 relative to SIMBAD and up to 38 arcsec and 2 arcsper 42respectively relative to UZC. Based on star positions from the APMcatalog we determined that the DSS astrometry of five CIG fields has amean offset in (alpha , delta ) of (-0 arcsper 90, 0 arcsper 93) with adispersion of 0 arcsper 4. These results have been confirmed using the2MASS All-Sky Catalog of Point Sources. The intrinsic errors of ourmethod combined with the astrometric ones are of the order of 0 arcsper5.Full Table 1 is only available in electronic form at the CDS viaanonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (18.104.22.168) or viahttp://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?J/A+A/411/391
|Arcsecond Positions of UGC Galaxies|
We present accurate B1950 and J2000 positions for all confirmed galaxiesin the Uppsala General Catalog (UGC). The positions were measuredvisually from Digitized Sky Survey images with rms uncertaintiesσ<=[(1.2")2+(θ/100)2]1/2,where θ is the major-axis diameter. We compared each galaxymeasured with the original UGC description to ensure high reliability.The full position list is available in the electronic version only.
|An image database. II. Catalogue between δ=-30deg and δ=70deg.|
A preliminary list of 68.040 galaxies was built from extraction of35.841 digitized images of the Palomar Sky Survey (Paper I). For eachgalaxy, the basic parameters are obtained: coordinates, diameter, axisratio, total magnitude, position angle. On this preliminary list, weapply severe selection rules to get a catalog of 28.000 galaxies, wellidentified and well documented. For each parameter, a comparison is madewith standard measurements. The accuracy of the raw photometricparameters is quite good despite of the simplicity of the method.Without any local correction, the standard error on the total magnitudeis about 0.5 magnitude up to a total magnitude of B_T_=17. Significantsecondary effects are detected concerning the magnitudes: distance toplate center effect and air-mass effect.
|Peculiar motions in superclusters: Perseus--Pisces|
We discuss the near infrared observations obtained for a set of 81galaxies in the region of the Perseus--Pisces supercluster. From these,in conjunction with the 21 cm data of the Arecibo sample, we estimatethe peculiar velocities via the Tully-Fisher relation and the model ofthe local perturbations as derived by Han and Mould. From the datadiscussed we find that the supercluster main structure is shrinking. Toexplain the size and velocities observed the model requires, for thesupercluster, a mean overdensity of about delta rho/rho = 9 whichcorresponds to a total mass of 1016 solar masses to cover anextension of about 100 Mpc.
|Radio emission in isolated and cluster spiral galaxies|
In the 2380-MHz continuum radio observations presented for two samplesof spiral galaxies observed with the NAIC Arecibo 305-m telescope, thesamples have been chosen in such a way that they differ markedly in thedensity of surrounding galaxies. One sample includes exclusivelygalaxies from the Karachentseva (1973) Catalog of Isolated Galaxies, theother only galaxies found within one Abell radius from the center ofnearby Abell clusters. The goal is to obtain a comparison of the radioproperties of the galaxies in these two samples, to ascertain whetherenvironmental processes affect significantly their radio emissivity.Above a threshold of five times the rms confusion, 7 percent of thecluster galaxies and 5 percent of the isolated ones are detected. Withthe caution required by the effects of confusion on the single-dishobservations, no significant differences are found in theradio-continuum properties of these two samples.
|Neutral hydrogen in isolated galaxies. IV - Results for the Arecibo sample|
A standard sample for the comparison of the H I content of galaxies invarious intergalactic environments is presently defined by means ofobservations of 324 isolated galaxies lying in the declination rangeaccessible to the Arecibo 305-m telescope. Both mapping and single pointspectra are used to compute the integral properties of these galaxies.Neutral hydrogen was detected in 288 of the 324 galaxies surveyed, andit is noted that the optical diameter of a spiral disk is bettercorrelated with the hydrogen mass than the morphological type. When usedto define a measure of H I content, the isolated galaxy sample canpredict 'normalcy' with an accuracy that carries a standard error ofabout 0.20 in the log of the H I mass, if a dependence on disk size, aswell as type, is taken into account.
|Neutral hydrogen in isolated galaxies. II - The large angular diameter galaxies|
Fifty-two of the large-angular-diameter (greater than or equal to 2.5arcmin) galaxies included in the 21-cm survey of isolated galaxies beingundertaken at Arecibo are mapped along their optical major axes usingthe 305-m telescope and the low sidelobe flat feed system. The observedfluxes are then compared with a numerical convolution of an assumed H Idistribution and the beam pattern to produce an estimate of thecharacteristic size. The derived H I scale length is that radiusinterior to which 70% of the model's H I mass is contained. With stillan appreciable scatter, the H I diameter is on the average about 1.2times the UGC blue diameter (1), and exhibits no dependence onmorphological type for types later than Sa. Applying the observedrelationship between H I size and optical diameter and an assumed doubleGaussian (centrally depressed) H I surface density distribution givesproper corrections for source-to-beam size.
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