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# PGC 38970

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 The structure of elliptical galaxies in the Virgo cluster. Results from the INT Wide Field SurveyWe report on a complete CCD imaging survey of 226 elliptical galaxies inthe North-East quadrant of the Virgo cluster, representative of theproperties of giant and dwarf elliptical galaxies in this cluster. Wefit their radial light profiles with the Sersic r1/n model oflight distribution. We confirm the result of Graham & Guzman(\cite{Graham03}, AJ, 125, 2936) that the apparent dichotomy between Eand dE galaxies in the luminosity-< μ>e plane nolonger appears when other structural parameters are considered and canbe entirely attributed to the onset of core'' galaxies atBT  -20.5 mag. When core'' galaxies are notconsidered, E and dE form a unique family with n linearly increasingwith the luminosity. For 90 galaxies we analyze the B-I color indices,both in the nuclear and in the outer regions. Both indices are bluertoward fainter luminosities. We find also that the outer color gradientsdo not show any significant correlation with the luminosity. The scatterin all color indicators increases significantly toward lowerluminosities, e.g. galaxies fainter than BT  -15 have aB-I spread > 0.5 mag.Table 2, Figs. 13 and 14 are only available in electronic form athttp://www.edpsciences.org Completing H I observations of galaxies in the Virgo clusterHigh sensitivity (rms noise  0.5 mJy) 21-cm H I line observationswere made of 33 galaxies in the Virgo cluster, using the refurbishedArecibo telescope, which resulted in the detection of 12 objects. Thesedata, combined with the measurements available from the literature,provide the first set of H I data that is complete for all 355 late-type(Sa-Im-BCD) galaxies in the Virgo cluster with mp ≤ 18.0mag. The Virgo cluster H I mass function (HIMF) that was derived forthis optically selected galaxy sample is in agreement with the HIMFderived for the Virgo cluster from the blind HIJASS H I survey and isinconsistent with the Field HIMF. This indicates that both in this richcluster and in the general field, neutral hydrogen is primarilyassociated with late-type galaxies, with marginal contributions fromearly-type galaxies and isolated H I clouds. The inconsistency betweenthe cluster and the field HIMF derives primarily from the difference inthe optical luminosity function of late-type galaxies in the twoenvironments, combined with the HI deficiency that is known to occur ingalaxies in rich clusters.Tables \ref{t1, \ref{sample_dat} and Appendix A are only available inelectronic form at http://www.edpsciences.org FAUST observations near the North Galactic PoleWe analyse a UV observation with FAUST in the direction of the NorthGalactic Pole. The region includes a cirrus cloud (G251.2+73.3) and adark globule, and the FAUST image contains 75 UV sources. We discuss theUV source detection and their identification with optical counterparts.We use, for the first time, low-resolution spectral information as theprimary means of identifying possible optical counterparts. This iscomplemented, and sometimes modified, by optical information availablefrom existing data bases. The results are interpreted with the help ofmaps of the distribution of far-infrared emission and of the neutralhydrogen gas. We discuss the types of objects found, the degree ofmatching with the predictions of our UV Galaxy model, and the generalbehaviour of the Galactic UV extinction in this Milky Way part. Wecompare the UV results for this region with similar observations in thesame neighbourhood, which are less affected by dust, and attempt toexplain the peculiar distribution of UV magnitudes as a result of apeculiar distribution of foreground dust, which does not follow theaccepted dust-to-gas relation. Optical spectroscopy of galaxies in the direction of the Virgo clusterOptical spectroscopy of 76 galaxies, 48 of which are projected in thedirection of the Virgo cluster and 28 onto the Coma-A1367 supercluster,is reported. Adding these new measurements to those found in theliterature, the redshift completeness in the Virgo region becomes 92% atB_T<=16.0 and 68% at B_T<=18.0. The one of CGCG galaxies in thedirection of the Coma-A1367 supercluster becomes 98%. The Virgo clustermembership estimates obtained on morphological grounds by Binggeli etal. (\cite{Binggeli}) are confirmed in all cases. However, severalpossible members" classified as BCD (if in the cluster) are foundinstead to be giant emission-line galaxies in the background of theVirgo cluster Based on observations obtained with the Loiano telescopebelonging to the University of Bologna, Italy, with the OHP, operated bythe French CNRS and with the G. Haro telescope of the INAOE, Mexico. An image database. II. Catalogue between δ=-30deg and δ=70deg.A preliminary list of 68.040 galaxies was built from extraction of35.841 digitized images of the Palomar Sky Survey (Paper I). For eachgalaxy, the basic parameters are obtained: coordinates, diameter, axisratio, total magnitude, position angle. On this preliminary list, weapply severe selection rules to get a catalog of 28.000 galaxies, wellidentified and well documented. For each parameter, a comparison is madewith standard measurements. The accuracy of the raw photometricparameters is quite good despite of the simplicity of the method.Without any local correction, the standard error on the total magnitudeis about 0.5 magnitude up to a total magnitude of B_T_=17. Significantsecondary effects are detected concerning the magnitudes: distance toplate center effect and air-mass effect. IRAS observations of galaxies in the Virgo cluster areaIRAS data on 196 galaxies in the area of the Virgo Cluster arepresented. The data derive from combining all available surveyobservations for each object and therefore achieve greater sensitivitythan the IRAS Point Source Catalog (PSC). The enhanced sensitivityallows 78 galaxies to be detected at 12 microns, 82 at 25 microns, 139at 60 microns, and 135 at 100 microns, compared to 16, 23, 88, and 95detections listed in the PSC. From the blue compact dwarf galaxy sample,23 and 19 objects are detected at 60 and 100 microns, compared to threeand two detections listed in the PSC. The emission in three close pairsof galaxies which are reported as single sources in the PSC areseparated here. These statistics demonstrate the importance andpotential of a detailed examination of IRAS data, especially forpossibly resolved sources and, in particular, for galaxies out toredshifts of 0.008 or galaxies with D(25) of 3 arcmin or greater. H I detection survey of a complete magnitude-limited sample of dwarf irregular galaxies in the Virgo Cluster areaNew single-beam Arecibo H I observations of 298 late-type galaxies inthe Virgo Cluster drawn mostly from the new catalog of Binggeli,Sandage, and Tammann (1985) are presented. Two hundred seventeen ofthese constitute a magnitude-limited 'complete sample' of such galaxies,types Sdm through Im and BCD. Sixty-one percent of this 'completesample' was detected, greatly enhancing the store of redshifts and H Imasses for such galaxies in the Virgo Cluster. For detected galaxies,heliocentric velocities, 50 percent profile widths, and single-beamfluxes are presented. For those that escaped detection, upper limits arecomputed to the flux appropriate to the redshift range (-600 to +3000km/s).
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