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|Nearby Optical Galaxies: Selection of the Sample and Identification of Groups|
In this paper we describe the Nearby Optical Galaxy (NOG) sample, whichis a complete, distance-limited (cz<=6000 km s-1) andmagnitude-limited (B<=14) sample of ~7000 optical galaxies. Thesample covers 2/3 (8.27 sr) of the sky (|b|>20deg) andappears to have a good completeness in redshift (97%). We select thesample on the basis of homogenized corrected total blue magnitudes inorder to minimize systematic effects in galaxy sampling. We identify thegroups in this sample by means of both the hierarchical and thepercolation ``friends-of-friends'' methods. The resulting catalogs ofloose groups appear to be similar and are among the largest catalogs ofgroups currently available. Most of the NOG galaxies (~60%) are found tobe members of galaxy pairs (~580 pairs for a total of ~15% of objects)or groups with at least three members (~500 groups for a total of ~45%of objects). About 40% of galaxies are left ungrouped (field galaxies).We illustrate the main features of the NOG galaxy distribution. Comparedto previous optical and IRAS galaxy samples, the NOG provides a densersampling of the galaxy distribution in the nearby universe. Given itslarge sky coverage, the identification of groups, and its high-densitysampling, the NOG is suited to the analysis of the galaxy density fieldof the nearby universe, especially on small scales.
|Arcsecond Positions of UGC Galaxies|
We present accurate B1950 and J2000 positions for all confirmed galaxiesin the Uppsala General Catalog (UGC). The positions were measuredvisually from Digitized Sky Survey images with rms uncertaintiesσ<=[(1.2")2+(θ/100)2]1/2,where θ is the major-axis diameter. We compared each galaxymeasured with the original UGC description to ensure high reliability.The full position list is available in the electronic version only.
|An image database. II. Catalogue between δ=-30deg and δ=70deg.|
A preliminary list of 68.040 galaxies was built from extraction of35.841 digitized images of the Palomar Sky Survey (Paper I). For eachgalaxy, the basic parameters are obtained: coordinates, diameter, axisratio, total magnitude, position angle. On this preliminary list, weapply severe selection rules to get a catalog of 28.000 galaxies, wellidentified and well documented. For each parameter, a comparison is madewith standard measurements. The accuracy of the raw photometricparameters is quite good despite of the simplicity of the method.Without any local correction, the standard error on the total magnitudeis about 0.5 magnitude up to a total magnitude of B_T_=17. Significantsecondary effects are detected concerning the magnitudes: distance toplate center effect and air-mass effect.
|A list of some corrections to Zwicky's Catalogue of Galaxies and Clusters of Galaxies|
|KISO survey for ultraviolet-excess galaxies. XV|
The fifteenth list and identification charts of the ultraviolet-excessgalaxies are presented. These galaxies were detected on the multicolorplates taken with the Kiso Schmidt telescope for 10 survey fields. Inthe sky area of 300 square degrees 544 objects are cataloged down to thephotographic magnitude of about 17.5.
|A study of the large-scale structure in the distribution of galaxies in a region centered about the Cancer cluster. III - Further observational results|
Further observational results are presented from a study of thelarge-scale structure in the distribution of galaxies in anapproximately 4000 sq deg region nominally centered about the Cancercluster. The criteria used in defining the galaxy sample and theobservational methods used in its study are reviewed. The H I spectraand the associated measured parameters and derived properties for the134 sample galaxies are presented.
|Sense of rotation in 109 spirals, and the leading arms in the interacting galaxies NGC 3786 and NGC 5426|
From analysis of 132 spiral galaxies, designed to determine the sense ofwinding of the arms, 107 are reliably found to have trailing arms, buttwo others, NGC 3786 (paired with the spiral NGC 3788) and NGC 5426(paired with NGC 5427), have leading arms. The sample of galaxies havinga well-established sense of spiral rotation now totals 190; the arms areleading in only four of these, all objects interacting dynamically withcompanion galaxies. A mechanism that might have induced such leadingspiral patterns is suggested and discussed.
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