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|The dwarf low surface brightness galaxy population of the Virgo Cluster - II. Colours and HI line observations|
In order to investigate the nature of dwarf low surface brightness (LSB)galaxies we have undertaken a deep B- and I-band CCD survey of a14-deg2 strip in the Virgo Cluster and applied a Fourierconvolution technique to explore its dwarf galaxy population down to acentral surface brightness of ~26 B magarcsec-2 and a totalabsolute B mag of ~-10. In this paper we carry out an analysis of theirmorphology, (B-I) colours and atomic hydrogen content. We compare theseproperties with those of dwarf galaxies in other environments to try andassess how the cluster environment has influenced their evolution. Fielddwarfs are generally of a more irregular morphology, are bluer andcontain relatively more gas. We assess the importance that variousphysical processes have on the evolution of cluster dwarf galaxies(ram-pressure stripping, tidal interactions, supernova-driven gas loss).We suggest that enhanced star formation triggered by tidal interactionsis the major reason for the very different general properties of clusterdwarfs: they have undergone accelerated evolution.
|Luminosity Functions of 10 Nearby Clusters of Galaxies. I. Data|
Wide field CCD imaging was carried out in the RC band for 10nearby clusters of galaxies and four control fields to derive the totaland type-specific luminosity functions. Observation and data reductionprocedures are described. We extract galaxies down to RC~20mag and classify them into two broad types, r1/4-like andexponential-like, on the basis of the bulge-to-total luminosity ratioB/T estimated from Petrosian quantities. We describe our classificationscheme in detail. We apply a single classification scheme to both giantand dwarf galaxies. The consistency of our classification is verifiedfor giant galaxies using both simulated images and real data in theliterature. We set the boundary of our two types at B/T=0.35. Thisboundary gives 70% completeness to both the r1/4-like sample(for E/S0 galaxies) and the exponential-like sample (for Sa-Irrgalaxies). Our classification for dwarf galaxies is investigated usinghigher resolution images of some 20 dwarf galaxies in the Virgo Cluster.Galaxy catalogs are constructed, which include position, magnitude, andB/T. The projected sky distribution of each type of galaxies is shownfor the clusters and control fields.
|Studies of the Virgo Cluster. II - A catalog of 2096 galaxies in the Virgo Cluster area.|
The present catalog of 2096 galaxies within an area of about 140 sq degapproximately centered on the Virgo cluster should be an essentiallycomplete listing of all certain and possible cluster members,independent of morphological type. Cluster membership is essentiallydecided by galaxy morphology; for giants and the rare class of highsurface brightness dwarfs, membership rests on velocity data. While 1277of the catalog entries are considered members of the Virgo cluster, 574are possible members and 245 appear to be background Zwicky galaxies.Major-to-minor axis ratios are given for all galaxies brighter than B(T)= 18, as well as for many fainter ones.
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