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|Luminosity Functions of 10 Nearby Clusters of Galaxies. I. Data|
Wide field CCD imaging was carried out in the RC band for 10nearby clusters of galaxies and four control fields to derive the totaland type-specific luminosity functions. Observation and data reductionprocedures are described. We extract galaxies down to RC~20mag and classify them into two broad types, r1/4-like andexponential-like, on the basis of the bulge-to-total luminosity ratioB/T estimated from Petrosian quantities. We describe our classificationscheme in detail. We apply a single classification scheme to both giantand dwarf galaxies. The consistency of our classification is verifiedfor giant galaxies using both simulated images and real data in theliterature. We set the boundary of our two types at B/T=0.35. Thisboundary gives 70% completeness to both the r1/4-like sample(for E/S0 galaxies) and the exponential-like sample (for Sa-Irrgalaxies). Our classification for dwarf galaxies is investigated usinghigher resolution images of some 20 dwarf galaxies in the Virgo Cluster.Galaxy catalogs are constructed, which include position, magnitude, andB/T. The projected sky distribution of each type of galaxies is shownfor the clusters and control fields.
|The surface brightness test for the expansion of the universe. II - Radii, surface brightness, and absolute magnitude correlations for nearby E galaxies|
Data for elliptical galaxies in the Virgo, Fornax, and Coma clusters andin the general field are analyzed in order to determine the dispersionin average surface brightness. The data are discussed using measures ofboth the effective radius and the Petrosian r(eta) radii. The dispersionis found to be about 0.5 mag after reducing the data to absolutemagnitude M(B) = -22. This value is smaller than the 1.8 mag Tolman (1 +z) exp 4 factor, even at the modest redshift of z = 0.5, showing thatthe Tolman test is feasible in practice as well as in principle.
|Surface photometry of dwarf elliptical galaxies in the Virgo cluster|
Photographic surface photometry is carried out for 69 dwarf ellipticalsin the central region of the Virgo Cluster, using two plates in the Bband taken with the 2.5 m du Pont telescope at Las Campanas Observatory.Luminosity profiles and various photometric parameters are obtained, andthe following three results are derived: (1) All the dwarf ellipticalsin the sample have luminosity profiles consistent with exponential lawsexcept for six galaxies which are probably giant ellipticals in thebackground. If they are physcial members of the Virgo Cluster, they maybe identified with 'classical' dwarf ellipticals recognized by Wirth andGallagher. (2) The distribution of apparent flattenings of dwarfellipticals suggests that the population of dwarf ellipticals is notdominated by flat disk systems like spiral galaxies, in spite of theirexponential profiles. (3) Two important diagrams, a diagram ofconcentration index versus absolute magnitude and a diameter versussurface brightness diagram (DSBD), show a hint of structuraldiscontinuity in the sequence of spheroidal stellar systems consistingof giant ellilpticals, dwarf ellipticals, and globular clusters.
|Studies of the Virgo Cluster. II - A catalog of 2096 galaxies in the Virgo Cluster area.|
The present catalog of 2096 galaxies within an area of about 140 sq degapproximately centered on the Virgo cluster should be an essentiallycomplete listing of all certain and possible cluster members,independent of morphological type. Cluster membership is essentiallydecided by galaxy morphology; for giants and the rare class of highsurface brightness dwarfs, membership rests on velocity data. While 1277of the catalog entries are considered members of the Virgo cluster, 574are possible members and 245 appear to be background Zwicky galaxies.Major-to-minor axis ratios are given for all galaxies brighter than B(T)= 18, as well as for many fainter ones.
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