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|The UZC-SSRS2 Group Catalog|
We apply a friends-of-friends algorithm to the combined Updated ZwickyCatalog and Southern Sky Redshift Survey to construct a catalog of 1168groups of galaxies; 411 of these groups have five or more members withinthe redshift survey. The group catalog covers 4.69 sr, and all groupsexceed the number density contrast threshold, δρ/ρ=80. Wedemonstrate that the groups catalog is homogeneous across the twounderlying redshift surveys; the catalog of groups and their membersthus provides a basis for other statistical studies of the large-scaledistribution of groups and their physical properties. The medianphysical properties of the groups are similar to those for groupsderived from independent surveys, including the ESO Key Programme andthe Las Campanas Redshift Survey. We include tables of groups and theirmembers.
|The large-scale distribution of late-type galaxies between Virgo and the Great Wall|
Neutral hydrogen data are presented for 88 of the Virgo Cluster Cataloggalaxies thought on morphological grounds to lie in the background ofthe cluster. We confirm that the morphological assignment of clustermembership works quite well; very few of the 'background' galaxies arein fact at cluster redshifts. The resulting sample of redshifts, alongwith optical redshifts from the literature, allow us to explore thelarge-scale distribution of galaxies in the space between the LocalSupercluster and the Great Wall. Galaxies in a larger window around theVirgo Cluster, but at redshifts between Virgo and the Great Wall, have afairly low average number density, but the distribution is far fromuniform: Some portions resemble voids, but in other portions galaxiescan be assigned to clouds or filaments of appreciable size (sometimescontaining bound groups). We investigate the luminosity function inhigh- and low-density regions of our galaxy sample, which excludes theVirgo Cluster proper. We find no significant difference. However, ourselection procedures are insensitive to galaxies of very low surfacebrightness, which have been reported to be more abundant in low-densityregions. The average probability of a line of sight intersecting theoptical disk of our sample galaxies is derived separately for the VirgoSupercluster region (redshifts below 3500 km/s) and for the regionbehind (out to 10,000 km/s). The number density ratio of Ly-alpha forestlines to galaxies is larger by a factor of order 10 in the far(low-density) region than in the near. A survey of recent literature ongalaxy redshifts uncovers a new candidate, MCG 0-32-16, for the lowestredshift absorption line.
|The UV properties of normal galaxies. III. Standard luminosity profiles and total magnitudes.|
In the previous papers of this series we collected and reduced to thesame system all the available photometric data obtained in theultraviolet (UV) range for normal (i.e. non active) galaxies. Here weuse these data to derive standard UV luminosity profiles for threemorphological bins (E/S0; Sa/Sb; Sc/Sd) and extrapolated totalmagnitudes for almost 400 galaxies. We find that: 1) the UV growthcurves are well matched by the B-band revised standard luminosityprofiles, once a proper shift in the effective radius is applied, and 2)the UV light in early-type galaxies is more centrally concentrated thanthe visible light.
|The UV properties of normal galaxies. II. The ``non-IUE'' data.|
In the last decade several satellite and balloon borne experiments havecollected a large number of ultraviolet fluxes of normal galaxiesmeasured through apertures of various sizes and shapes. We havehomogenized this data set by deriving scale corrections with respect toIUE. In a forthcoming paper these data will be used to derive standardluminosity profiles and total magnitudes.
|Vacuum ultraviolet imagery of the Virgo Cluster region. II - Total far-ultraviolet flux of galaxies|
The total flux in the far-ultraviolet region around 150 nm was measuredfor more than 40 galaxies in the central region of the Virgo Cluster,using two imaging telescopes on board a sounding rocket. The observedfar-ultraviolet flux shows positive correlations with the H I 21 cm fluxand the far-infrared flux for spiral galaxies, and with the X-ray fluxand the radio continuum flux for elliptical galaxies. The formercorrelations of spiral galaxies are interpreted in terms of starformation activity, which indicates substantial depletion in the Virgogalaxies in accordance with the H I stripping. The latter correlationsof elliptical galaxies indicate possible far-ultraviolet sources ofyoung population, in addition to evolved hot stars. Far-ultravioletfluxes from two dwarf elliptical galaxies were obtained tentatively,indicating star formation activity in elliptical galaxies. Ahigh-resolution UV imagery by HST would be effective to distinguish theyoung population and the old population in elliptical galaxies.
|An infrared-optical study of IRAS point sources in the Virgo region|
Optical identifications for 199 of the 206 IRAS point sources in a 113sq deg area centered on the Virgo cluster are made using four deepIIIa-J plates obtained with the 1.2-m UK Schmidt Telescope. Only 4percent of the E and S0 galaxies brigher than B = 16 are detected, ascompared with 44 percent of the Sc galaxies. Infrared properties of theVirgo cluster are found to be similar to those of field galaxies atsimilar redshifts. Such IRAS galaxies are typical spirals with B of lessthan about 14, infrared to optical luminosity ratios of about 1, andinfrared luminosities of about 10 to the 9th solar luminosities,properties which are independent of neutral hydrogen content for theVirgo cluster galaxies. Data suggest that the optically faint galaxieshave L(IR) of greater than 10 to the 12th solar luminosities.
|HI-observations of galaxies in the Virgo cluster of galaxies. I - The data|
New H I-data for a large number of bright galaxies inside the 10 degradius area of the Virgo cluster of galaxies have been obtained with the100 m radiotelescope at Effelsberg. A total of 234 galaxies was observedfor the first time. Among them, 53 have been detected providing newaccurate radial velocities. Data from the literature have been compiled.Together with the new data, they form a (nearly homogeneous) set of H Iobservations for more than 450 galaxies.
|Studies of the Virgo Cluster. II - A catalog of 2096 galaxies in the Virgo Cluster area.|
The present catalog of 2096 galaxies within an area of about 140 sq degapproximately centered on the Virgo cluster should be an essentiallycomplete listing of all certain and possible cluster members,independent of morphological type. Cluster membership is essentiallydecided by galaxy morphology; for giants and the rare class of highsurface brightness dwarfs, membership rests on velocity data. While 1277of the catalog entries are considered members of the Virgo cluster, 574are possible members and 245 appear to be background Zwicky galaxies.Major-to-minor axis ratios are given for all galaxies brighter than B(T)= 18, as well as for many fainter ones.
|Eighth list of compact galaxies .|
Abstract image available at:http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-bib_query?1975AJ.....80..545Z&db_key=AST
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